Pharyngitis, popularly known as sore throat, is the name given to the inflammation of the throat part. Pharyngitis is divided into two according to the duration of the disease. If pharyngitis has just occurred and caused severe complaints, this situation is defined as “acute pharyngitis”. However, if there are long-term and not very severe complaints, this picture is also called “chronic pharyngitis”. Acute pharyngitis is usually an upper respiratory tract infection. In chronic pharyngitis, although infectious factors play a role, there is usually an irritating factor. Among these factors are factors such as smoking and alcohol use, dry and polluted air. While viral pharyngitis normally goes away on its own within a few weeks, antibiotics may be required to prevent complications from bacterial pharyngitis. Pharyngitis treatment...
What is pharyngitis?
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the back of the throat or pharynx. This inflammation can cause throat discomfort, dryness and difficulty swallowing. In acute pharyngitis, the patient’s complaints are more pronounced. There are complaints such as sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, dryness in the throat, burning or itching sensation, fever, cough. In chronic pharyngitis, the symptoms are milder but continuous. There are complaints such as dryness, stinging, burning and foreign body sensation in the throat, and mild difficulty in swallowing.
What are the causes of pharyngitis?
What are the symptoms of pharyngitis?
The incubation period for pharyngitis is typically 2-5 days. The symptoms accompanying pharyngitis vary depending on the condition causing the pharyngitis.
The symptoms of pharyngitis are generally:
Throat ache runny nose
feeling tired body aches
High fever (low-grade fever with the common cold and high-grade fever with the flu)
In addition to sore throat, symptoms of mononucleosis include:
swollen lymph nodes severe fatigue
Fire Muscle pains general
Loss of appetite
Strep throat, a type of pharyngitis, a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat, can also cause: difficulty swallowing White or gray-spotted throat swollen lymph nodes fever, chills Loss of appetite Nausea An unusual taste in the mouth
General state of fatigue
How is pharyngitis diagnosed?
Before diagnosing acute or chronic pharyngitis, the patient’s history is first learned. Afterwards, a diagnosis of pharyngitis can be made with a physical examination by the doctor. If the doctor deems it necessary, he may order some tests.
Among the tests the doctor may order are; throat swab, blood test, lung x-ray and culture antibiogram test. Throat culture test is done with a swab taken from the person’s throat with the help of a cotton swab. During the test, the doctor uses a cotton swab to take a sample of the secretions from the throat. The doctor may do a rapid strep test. A positive streptococcus test can be found within a few minutes after the test. The doctor may also order a blood test. A blood sample from the arm is sent to a laboratory for testing. As a result of this test, it can be determined whether the person has mononucleosis. A complete blood count (CBC) can be done to determine if the infection is another type.
How is pharyngitis treated? How does pharyngitis pass? Pharyngitis treatment
Since infection is involved in acute pharyngitis, infection treatment is important. In addition, painkillers-fever-reducing drugs, cough suppressants and mouthwashes can be used. Chronic pharyngitis is very difficult to treat. This disease is often not completely eradicated. If there are disorders that cause the disease, it is important to eliminate them. (Allergy, bone curvature, meat enlargement, reflux, etc.) While giving nasal spray, antibiotics, lozenges or pain relievers to the patient in bacterial pharyngitis; In viral pharyngitis, anti-symptom treatments are used. Along with these, warnings are given to people who suffer from viral infection-induced pharyngitis, including the following suggestions:
get lots of rest taking
ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin (adults only) to relieve a sore throat
drinking lots of water
Gargling with warm salt
water Drinking warm liquids (tea or broth) or cold liquids to relieve the throat, or eating gelatinous desserts and flavored ice Consuming lukewarm water at night as there may be a sore throat applying a cold vaporizer to relieve throat dryness
Using specialist-recommended throat lozenges or anesthetic throat sprays
What is the relationship between reflux and pharyngitis?
The condition of stomach acid coming up to the throat through the esophagus is called reflux. This picture is an important risk factor for pharyngitis. The contact of stomach acid with the throat plays a role in the development of chronic pharyngitis as an irritant in the throat.
Is pharyngitis contagious? Pharyngitis treatment
Both viral and bacterial forms of pharyngitis are contagious. The germs that cause pharyngitis tend to live in the nose and throat. As a result, pharyngitis can be caused by viruses or bacteria, so this disease is contagious. Pharyngitis can be transmitted by:
When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny droplets containing viruses or bacteria are released into the air.
A person who breathes this air can get pharyngitis.
Touching contaminated objects and then touching one’s own face with their hands also causes transmission.
Consuming contaminated food and drink is also among the important causes.
When should patients with pharyngitis see a doctor?
Pharyngitis patients should consult a doctor if they experience any of the following complaints:
Symptoms last more than 10 days
Difficulty swallowing and severe pain in the throat difficulty in breathing body rash
On the other hand, if left untreated, pharyngitis can, in rare cases, lead to life-threatening rheumatic fever or sepsis (bacterial blood infection).
Anyone with any of the following life-threatening symptoms should seek immediate medical attention.
Change in level of consciousness or alertness, such as fainting or unresponsiveness Confusion or loss of consciousness, even for a brief moment High fever joint pain or jerky movements Fast heart rate (tachycardia)
Breathing or breathing problems such as shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, wheezing, shortness of breath, choking severe pain Sudden swelling of the tongue or throat
How to prevent pharyngitis?
Its more important preventing pharyngitis than Pharyngitis treatment The risk of contracting pharyngitis and other infections can be reduced by:
washing hands thoroughly and regularly
Covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing
avoiding close contact with people who have contagious viral or bacterial infections
avoiding smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke
Not to be in dusty places and polluted air
Not consuming excessively hot and cold foods
Using sanitizing agents on common surfaces
Ventilate working and living spaces as much as possible
Avoiding contact with chemical irritants
What is good for pharyngitis? Pharyngitis treatment
The question ‘What is good for pharyngitis?’ is frequently asked. It is also possible to benefit from natural methods that are good for pharyngitis.
Pharyngitis is good for:
sage / echinacea
A 2009 study showed that echinacea/sage is as effective as a spray using chlorhexidine/lidocaine to relieve sore throat and itching. Sage is antibacterial and antiseptic. Echinacea may also have immune-boosting effects. You can make sage as a mouthwash and consume it that way. Sage tea is also good for throat inflammation caused by pharyngitis. Gargling with lemon juice and brewed sage tea can also be good for pharyngitis. raw garlic
Garlic has antiseptic properties. It can help with a bacterial infection and help relieve sore throat caused by pharyngitis. When raw garlic is crushed; It releases a compound called allicin, which has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties. The best way to use garlic for sore throat is to chew it raw or to take a slice and suck it for 15 minutes. You can grate raw garlic for easier swallowing and add honey or olive oil to it.
Mint Peppermint, which has many benefits, is also good for pharyngitis if chewed. Peppermint can soothe a sore throat and relieve a dry cough. Mint can be brewed and drunk in the form of tea.